Due to the migration crisis on the Italian island of Lamepaduza, perennial debate between members of the European Union on the problem of migration flared up with renewed vigor.
The European Union is trying to accept the general rules for the fight against illegal migration after the massive influx of asylum seekers began in 2015.
In 1990, the EU countries signed the Dublin Convention, which determines the state considering the application for the provision of asylum. According to the document, the refugee is obliged to ask for asylum in the first “safe country” into which he entered.
The European Commission has prepared a pact about migration and refuge. It contains a number of legislative proposals replacing the Dublin Convention, the functionality of which has become the subject of disputes against the background of the migration crisis.
The new rules, which were announced by the head of the European Commission Ursula von der Lyaine in the European Parliament in September 2020, are mainly aimed at lifting the migration burden from the first country of arrival of migrants and distributing it between all community member countries.
The agreement also provides for the strengthening of the external borders of the EU, the acceleration of the procedure for filing and deviations of applications for the provision of asylum. The document also involves simplifying the process of returning unacceptable refugees to countries of their origin and expanding cooperation with these countries.
However, during numerous negotiations held to date, the EU countries could not reach a consensus due to a diametrically opposite position in relation to the problem of migration of a number of community members.
The issue of combating illegal migration for some time remained outside the EU agenda because of the Pandemia of the Coronavirus and the war in Ukraine in 2020 in 2020.
However, as the pandemic came to naught, the flow of migrants “revived” along almost all the routes. The return of the Taliban to power in Afghanistan in the summer of 2021 and a new wave of migration provoked by a war in Ukraine in the beginning of 2022, forced the EU again focused on finding ways to solve the problem of migration.
, within the framework of efforts to combat illegal migration, nine European countries bordering the Mediterranean will meet tomorrow at the EU summit Med9.