Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombardment: beginning of nuclear century

August 6 and 9, 1945, the United States for the first time in the history of mankind used combat nuclear weapons: to persuade Japan to surrender in the Second World War.

When attacking, 70-100 thousand people in Hiroshima and 70 thousand in Nagasaki died. The number of dead, along with those who died from radiation illness, exceeds 500 thousand

In the early morning of August 6, 1945, the American bomber B-29 “Enola Gay”, dropped the atomic bomb “Little Boy” (“Baby”) to the Japanese city of Hiroshima, an equivalent in power of 13-18 kilotons of TNT. Three days later, on August 9, 1945, the atomic plutonium bomb “Fat Man” (“fat man”), equivalent from 19 to 21 kilotons TNT, was dropped into the city of Nagasaki bomber B-29 “BOCKSCAR”.

Japan’s invasion of East China led to a full -scale war between the two countries in 1937.

In response, the USA and the countries of the West banned the export of many goods to Japan, including oil products.

The United States entered the Second World War on December 7, 1941, after the Japan attack on Pearl Harbor-the attack of the Japanese Aviation Fleet on the American Navy. During the attack, 2403 US military were killed, 1178 were injured. After that, the United States declared war on Japan, and Nazi Germany and the Nazi Italy declared war on the USA.

The United States justifies the reset of atomic bombs to Japanese cities by the fact that with a direct invasion of Japan, at least 500 thousand American soldiers and no less Japanese would have died.

The United States has been developing nuclear weapons since the late 1930s. By the summer of 1945, the United States had three nuclear bombs – the plutonium “little” and “fat”, as well as uranov “baby”.

The use of atomic bombs is considered the “turning point” of the Second World War.

On August 15, 1945, the emperor of Japan Hirohito signed unconditional surrender of which laid the end of the Second World War.

Hiroshima survivors after the atomic bombardment, as well as their children, they called the “hibakusya.” Atomic bombing caused prolonged psychological disorders in Hibakusya, as well as such difficult to treat the disease as cancer, teratomorph (ugliness) and disability.

Atomic bombs that caused the death of thousands of people also led to the destruction of the entire plant and natural life in the influence zone.

The energy of the atomic explosion burned all the buildings, living creatures and nature on an area of ​​about 2 square kilometers, the action of nuclear particles thrown into the atmosphere can be seen in the waters of the region today.