China’s population decreased in 2022 for the first time in six decades – this is a historical shift that can foresee a long period of reducing the number of China citizens with serious consequences for the country’s economy, as well as for the whole world.
The number of inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom by the end of 2022 decreased by 850 thousand – to 1 billion 411 thousand 750, follows from the data of the Bureau of National Statistics.
This scale of the reduction of the population has become the most sharp since 1961, when the so -called great hunger raged in China. India becomes a contender for the title of the largest in terms of the number of population of the country on the globe.
UN experts suggest that the number of China residents will decrease by 109 million by 2050, and this assessment is more than three times higher than their previous forecast given in 2019.
The birth rate in China last year fell to 6.77 per 1 thousand people, the lowest in the entire history of the country, from 7.52 to 1 thousand people in 2021.
The number of women of childbearing age, which the PRC government defines as 25-35 years, has decreased by about 4 million, said the head of the Statistical Bureau of Kan and
In the meantime, the mortality rate reached the peak since 1974 and amounted to 7.37 deaths per 1 thousand people compared with 7.18 in 2021.
One of the main factors that caused a demographic decline in the PRC are considered to be in China from 1980 to 2015 state policy “One family – one child”, as well as a rapid increase in the cost of education. For these reasons, many Chinese often do not dare to start more than one child or even prefer to remain childless.